Keynote Speakers

Dr. Ziyad Salameh the principal investigator

Director Center for Electric Cars & Energy Conversion

University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA

 

Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS)

Constantly growing demand for energy cannot continue indefinitely relies only upon fossil fuel. The earth’s finite supply will eventually exhaust. Energy is a major key to industrial development and the world’s well-being .The awareness of depletion of fossil fuel resources has challenged scientists and engineers to search for alternative energy sources that can meet energy demand for the near future. Recently the global warming, pollution and high oil prices forced politicians, utility  companies (UC) and the general public to pay more attention to renewable energy sources (RES) such as wind, photovoltaic and bio fuels. RES are located right where the customers are, so they are used more efficiently, they are not polluting renewable and modular. .

            Wind energy conversion systems (WECS) will be one of the most important, widely applied of the renewable energy forms during the next several decades.  Successful research and development will potentially result in generation from wind energy of about 10% of the electricity used in the US. The significant environmental and societal benefits of wind energy are limitless.  Further advancements will find new applications for wind energy in the bright future.

One of the great advantages of the wind turbine is that it can be used to provide energy to remote places when they are far from the utility grid. Other advantages include reduction of utility bills, crop irrigation, and providing power to areas with harsh conditions.

WECS could be used as the sole source of energy working in a stand alone mode in the absence of the grid transmission lines or a supplementary source of energy. They also could be connected to a utility lines working in a grid connected mode.

The first application of  WECS  is the small-scale applications that includes small scale roof top WECS , farms,  remote areas such as: telecommunication relay stations, marine navigation aid, metrological stations , rail signaling system , boats and harsh places like a monitoring post in the arctic circle.

The second application of WECS is the intermediate –scale of applications. These off grid applications may include installing clusters of smaller wind turbines in the size range for 10 to 100 KW each in villages, on off shore islands, in isolated communities, and enterprises that generate their own power.

The third application is the wind farms which consist of clusters (arrays) of multiple wind turbines. The number of wind turbines in the array varies from two or three in a small cluster to the thousands of turbines.

Wind speeds tend to fluctuate significantly from one hour to another and from one season to another.  Because of these frequent (and sometimes unpredictable) lapses in energy collection, a stand-alone wind energy system does not produce usable energy for a considerable portion of time throughout the year and cannot satisfy constant load demands. Considerable  storage and reliance upon an additional backup power source are necessary in order to ensure uninterrupted power, adding once again to the cost and complexity of the system. A network that integrates both solar and wind power into one hybrid generation system has considerable advantages over its stand-alone counterparts. This increases overall energy output and reliability and reduces energy storage requirements. Wind and photovoltaic together create a complementary system, extending the overall peak generation periods, both daily and annually.

However we have not to forget that WECS should be installed in a windy place, with an average wind speed more that the rated wind turbine speed( the wind speed at which wind turbine-generator delivers its rated power output).

 

The future of WECS is very bright, the cost is constantly going down due to the mass production, innovation and the inventions of new products. The world wide production of wind energy is increasing very rapidly.

 

Dr. Salameh got his Diploma (with honors ) from Russia and his M.Sc. and Ph.D from University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) 1980 and 1982 respectively.

Dr. Ziyad Salameh is a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Department at the University of Massachusetts Lowell since 1985, he chaired the ECE Department for three years 2001-2004 ,he has technical expertise in a wide area of renewable energy subjects, especially in the area of residential hybrid wind/photovoltaic systems, storage batteries, and electric vehicle technologies.  He teaches graduate courses in Alternative Energy Sources, Power Systems Distributions, Power Electronics, and Electric Vehicle Technologies at the University of Massachusetts Lowell.  Dr. Salameh has been a co-investigator and principal investigator of many DOE, state, and utility projects, he brought 28 grants.  Professor Salameh has published around 125 papers in renewable energy systems, energy storage and electric vehicle technologies. Dr Salameh is an associate editor of two renewable energy journals: The International Journal of Renewable Energy and the International Journal of Power and Energy systems. Dr. Salameh wrote a book (in the press) entitled Renewable  Energy Systems Design and Analysis to be published by Elsevier, ISBN:0123749913, EAN: 9780123749918.

Dr. Salameh has been active in supporting renewable energy and energy storage programs in several technical committees. He is member of the IEEE Renewable Technologies Subcommittee , the IEEE Emerging Technologies coordinating Committee ETCC , member IEEE  Distributed Generation and  Energy Storage Subcommittee.  Dr. Salameh is the Director of the center for Electric Car and Energy Conversion with four research laboratories: Renewable Energy Lab, Battery Evaluation Lab, Power Electronics Lab, and Electric Vehicle Lab. The renewable energy lab hosts four wind turbines 2400w, 1500w, 500w, and 300w. Moreover it has two PV systems 2500w and 10.6kw  1.2kw fuel cell  and a super capacitor evaluation station. The electric vehicle lab operates 8 electric cars, and Dr. Salameh has been driving an electric car since 1994. Dr Salameh supervised successfully 10 doctoral theses and 38 master theses.

 Invited to conferences:

 1.  Session Chair, Renewable Energy , IASTED , PES October 24-26, 2005 ,   Marina  del Ray Ca, USA.

 2. Session Chair, Renewable Energy, IASTED, Asia PES, Phuket ,Thailand, April  ,2007 .

 3. Session  Co-Chair, 17th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering                                  Conference, PVSEC- 17, Fukoaka, Japan , December  2-7, 2007

 4.   Invited Speaker to the 13th IEEE Saudi Technical Exchange Meeting, held in                              Dhahran, conduct a workshop on renewable energy, April 29-30, 2008

5.  Session Chair, IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 08, Harbin, China, September 3-5, 2008

 6.  Invited Speaker and conducted a workshop on renewable energy to the 5th IEEEGCC conference, held in Kuwait City, March 17-19, 2009

 7. Session Co-Chair, IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 09,           Dearborn, MI, September 7-11, 2009

 8. Panelist at the IEEE PES GM2010, Minneapolis July26-29th on two topics:

         Building Integrated Wind Energy Conversion Systems

         Small Scale Distributed Generation Systems

 9. Panelist at the Electric Vehicle Summit and Workshop, Lowell, MA, Oct. 6,  2010.

10 Speaker at IDTechEx,  [Global Research and Analysis on Electric Vehicle Future] conference, Cambridge, MA, Nov 18th, 2010

11 Gave Tutorial “ Vehicle to Grid (V2G ) Technology at IWCMC conference held  in Istanbul-Turkey, July 4-8, 2011.

12   Organized and chaired a Panel  Session on Energy Storage at the 2011 Wind  Energy Research Workshop held at UMass-Lowell, in Lowell, MA Sep. 21-.22      ,2011.

13  Keynote Speaker at AEECT 2011, “held in Amman-Jordan, 6-8, Dec. 2011

14 Session Chair on Wind and hydro at IEEE-ICIT 2012, March 19-21, Athena-Greece

 

Alain ZARLI
CSTB 

Information Technologies and Knowledge Dissemination Department
Head of Division
France

IREEN – ICT for Energy Efficient Neighbourhoods

IREEN is a strategy project which examines the ways that ICT for energy efficiency and performance can be extended beyond individual homes and buildings to the wider context of neighbourhoods and communities.

IREEN is funded under the EC’s 7th Framework Programme as a Coordination and Support Action.  Grant Agreement Number 285627.  The project commenced 1st September 2011 for 24 months (August 31st 2013).  The project budget is a total of 1,464.5K Euros.
 

The key aim is to extend the notion of energy positive buildings to districts and neighbourhoods, providing, by extension, preliminary steps towards future energy-efficient smart cities, and to develop a comprehensive strategic research agenda for European-scale innovation and take-up in the field of ICT for energy efficiency and performance in large communities and areas.

  This can be achieved in three ways:

  • Low energy consumption – less than the energy than they have produced over a given time
  • Facilitating eco-responsible behaviours
  • Consuming low energy over their “life cycle” requiring less energy for their construction and less for the use by users/occupants.

Taking the context of current industry social and economic trends and challenges currently facing Europe, the project will engage with a wide range of stakeholders including those from technology, energy, construction, local authorities, building managers and owners.

IREEN aims to engage European and other international experts and stakeholders in discussions and workshops to gather their input in to a strategy and the final output from the project a roadmap.  The expertise will be drawn from the energy sector (both providers and distributors); the technology industry including appliance manufacturers, infrastructure and software technologists; the construction sector; stakeholders from the demand side including local and regional authorities.  IREEN will also connect to smart cities partnerships across Europe.

 

Dr Alain ZARLI is currently working at CSTB as a project manager and Head of the "Innovation and Services Engineering" Division within the "Information Technologies and Knowledge Dissemination" department.

His main fields of interest are programming languages and compilation, product modelling, rule-based languages and knowledge-based systems, distributed architectures, and software components, and technologies for smart constructions. He has been involved in many FP4 Esprit projects (ATLAS, VEGA, GENIAL, WONDA), FP5 IST projects (OSMOS, eConstruct, Divercity, ISTforCE, CoMMA and eCOGNOS), as well as FP6 IST and NMP projects (SWOP, InPro, etc.), and has been in FP5 the project co-ordinator of the IST ICCI cluster project and of the IST ROADCON Strategic Roadmap (which finished end of 2003) and is member of the ProDAEC thematic network. He is one of the main authors of the ECTP “Processes & ICT” Focus Area Strategic research Agenda, and currently coordinator of the REEB project, in charge of establishing the European vision and roadmap for future R&D in ICT supporting Energy Efficiency in the Built environment.

Contact Info.:

Departement TIDS - Technologies de l'Information et Diffusion du Savoir

Information Technologies and Knowledge Dissemination Department

 

CSTB BP209, 06904 Sophia Antipolis, France.

Tel :(33) 4 93 95 67 36

mailto: alain.zarli@cstb.fr

URL : http://www.cstb.fr

 

 

 

Professor Madjid Merabti

PROTECT Research Centre for Critical Infrastructure Protection

Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool UK

Community Driven Renewable Energy Generation and Integration in the Smart Grid

 

Concerns about dwindling energy resources and climate change have led to an increasing interest from governments and energy companies to modernize the ways we produce and deliver energy. The current power grid is exposed to disturbances and outages resulting from equipment failures, lightening strikes, accidents, and natural catastrophes. In addition, the supply of isolated locations with electricity comes with an increased cost to electric utilities as the majority of the energy that is aimed to be delivered to the customers is wasted in the form of heat before delivering any useful energy to the consumer. It is, therefore, necessary to develop radically new and highly efficient energy supply systems that could generate affordable and sustainable energy.

Community renewable energy generation is seen as a solution to address the challenge of improving the quality of supply while reducing its cost and efficiently managing faults in the power grid. In this concept, communities will use small scale renewable energy generation resources such as photovoltaic systems, and wind turbines to produce electricity. For instance, residential areas could be equipped with photovoltaic power systems, generating up to 10 kilowatts of electricity. Community renewable energy generation could act as a backup source of energy utilised to feed the nearest consumers if isolated from the main electricity grid or the electricity supply is considered cheaper.

However, the implementation of community renewable energy generation faces a number of challenges related to the nature of the current power grid. While in current power grid the electricity usually flows from the central power stations to the consumers, in a modern power grid incremented with renewable generation, the electricity will follow in two directions. Electricity network operators will be faced with the challenge of making their power distribution networks more flexible and dynamic. Control systems that allow power utilities to manage their electricity networks cannot cope with the decentralised power flow inducted by connection of renewable generation systems to the electricity grids.  These new models of operation can lead to further considerations regarding setting up communities as suppliers and users of energy and would model of trading best serves these needs.  Other major challenges include the monitoring of the use of energy in both macro and micro approaches.  The latter means we need to maximise energy saving and that can only be achieved through monitoring and operation controls of devices in the home, office, and factories leading to concerns about privacy and security that are yet to be addressed.

This talk will discuss the concept of Community Driven Renewable Energy Generation, and will present some possible way forwards to achieve these goals.

 

Professor Madjid Merabti is Director and Head of Research at the School of Computing & Mathematical Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University (JMU)He is a graduate of Lancaster University.

He has over 15 years experience in conducting research and teaching in Distributed Multimedia Systems ( Networks, Operating Systems, Computer Security). Madjid has over 90 publications in these areas and he leads the Distributed Multimedia Systems Group which has a number of government and industry supported research projects in the areas of: Multimedia Networking, Differential Services Networking, Mobile Networks, Networked Appliances, Sensor Networks, Intrusion Detection and Network Security Architectures.

He is collaborating with a number of international colleagues in the above areas. Madjid is Associate editor of the IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, Co-Editor in Chief of Pervasive Computing and Communications and a member of the editorial board for the Computer Communications Journal.

Contact:

Telephone : (+44) 0151 231 2104

Fax : (+44) 0151 207 4594

Email :  M.Merabti@livjm.ac.uk

Address : James Parson Building, Byrom Street, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK

 

 

 

Adel O. Sharif

Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications, Chemical & Process Engineering Department, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, United Kingdom

How to Address the World’s Challenges in Water and Energy? - The Technology Option

 

Water is not just the essential ingredient for life, but also a fundamental factor in the economy and security of any country. Coupled with increased population and climate change effect, the availability of food, water, and energy are the biggest challenges that the world faces. Over the next two decades water demand will exceed water supply by about 40% according to many scientific studies and reports. Food and energy shortages have also been described by the UK Government’s Chief Scientific Advisor, Prof. Sir John Beddington, to create the ‘’perfect storm’’ by 2030.

The provision of drinkable supplies through desalination could offer a sustainable solution to the drinking water problem but also presents a technical challenge too. 

Alternative energy sources, including solar, wind, tidal wave, and biomass, have been used to provide secure, sustainable and adequate energy sources. However, expensive equipment and high installation costs of these technologies, coupled with the uneven availability distribution, have prevented them, so far, from being used widely. Affordable, clean, secure, and adequate energy sources remain one of the world’s biggest challenges. Similarly, we have the great challenge of sufficient world freshwater availability. 

Recent R&D activities at the Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications (CORA) at the University Surrey, have led to the inventions of desalination and renewable energy processes. CORA and in collaboration with Modern Water plc, have developed from concept to commercial reality, the Manipulated Osmosis Desalination  process, in which process seawater is converted into an osmotic agent’s solution by taking advantage of the natural osmosis process. Pure water is then recovered from the osmotic agent’s solution using a membrane process, where the agent is reused.  Additionally a novel power generation process based on the osmotic energy has also been developed.  Osmotic power is produced between two miscible solutions of different potential energy due to concentration gradient or osmotic pressure difference. In an osmotic power plant, a large percentage of the osmotic potential difference, or the chemical energy of fresh water is converted into hydraulic pressure and then into electricity through a turbine.

The technical obstacles being overcome in the MOD process are the avoidance of all scaling, bio-fouling, high operating pressures, and necessity for pre-treatments and the associated chemical wastes, which result in direct and indirect reduction of cost.

The pilot plant and Modern Water’s commercial plants data in Oman and Gibraltar that follow from the MO process route offers up to 30% saving in the specific energy consumption over a conventional RO process. The MO process also offers an increase in fresh water recovery rate coupled with minimal membrane fouling propensity and brine disposal. Additionally, the process can be incorporated into existing RO and thermal plants with reasonable modifications.  New plant based on the MO principle should also have lower capital costs and smaller footprint.

The new technology can be used to obtain clean water from any available water source irrespective of its purity, such as waste streams, seawater, brackish water, river water, etc

 

Adel Sharif is Professor of Water Engineering and Process Innovation, and Founder Director of the Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications, (CORA) at the University of Surrey, UK.

Prof. Sharif is the winner of the UK Royal Society Brian Mercer Award for Innovation in Science and Technology. He is also the winner of the Science Business first pan-European Academic Enterprise Award in the category of Energy/Environment.  Prof. Sharif founded CORA in 2003, the UN Year of Fresh Water. The centre’s research activities in the area of osmosis science and applications have resulted in a number of inventions in the areas of desalination, water treatment, and renewable power generation. These inventions have the capacity to significantly change the economic and performance characteristics of industries such as desalination, water treatment, power generation, oil, chemical and energy industries that use or produce large quantities of dilute solutions. CORA water technologies were also awarded the Institute of Chemical Engineers 2011 innovation and excellence award in the Water Supply and Management category. Also very recently the University of Surrey won the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for the water research which CORA has played a major role.

He is a founder of Modern Water plc, a London Exchange AIM Market listed company specialised in desalination and renewable power generation.  Prof. Sharif and his team have also been awarded the UK Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) Smart Award (Small Merit Award for Research and Technology). He has also been awarded the British-Iraqi Friendship Society Award for outstanding achievements in science and technology. Prof. Sharif is a member of the Qatar Foundation’s Expatriate Arab Scientists Forum. He obtained his first degree in Chemical Engineering from Baghdad University in 1986, followed by M.Sc and PhD from University of Wales Swansea in 1989 and 1992 respectively. He has over 80 publications; is an inventor and co-inventor of 12 patents and has supervised over fifteen PhD projects and more than 30 M.Sc dissertations.

Contact Info:

Telephone : +44(0)1483-686584

Email :  a.sharif@surrey.ac.uk

Address : Centre for Osmosis Research and Applications, Chemical & Process Engineering Department, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last modified: Thursday, 14 March 2013, 10:19 PM
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